Document Detail


Fourteen weeks of treatment with Viscofiber increased fasting levels of glucagon-like peptide-1 and peptide-YY.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18158848     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fermentable dietary fiber has been shown to cause fat loss and to increase peptide-YY (PYY) and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) levels in rodents. In single meal tests, humans have an increase in PYY and GLP-1 to dietary fiber, but the response of these hormones to longer-term treatment is not known. Viscofiber (Cevena Bioproducts Inc., Edmonton, AB, Canada) is a high-viscosity fermentable dietary fiber made by a proprietary process from oats and barley. Seven healthy overweight and obese subjects were treated with a calorie-restricted diet, a lifestyle change program, and 4 g of Viscofiber/day for 16 weeks. Hunger, satiety, PYY, and GLP-1 were measured before and 1 hour after a standard meal test before and at week 14 of the study. Hunger and satiety were measured by Visual Analog Scales. PYY and GLP-1 were measured by radioimmunoassay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Weight was reduced 3.07 +/- 3.13 kg (P < .05) over the 16 weeks. Fasting PYY increased 8.67 +/- 6.62 pg/mL (P < .05) and fasting GLP-1 increased 2.67 +/- 0.84 pmol/L (P < .01) at 14 weeks compared to baseline. Satiety increased 1.78 +/- 1.43 cm (P < .01) at the 1-hour post-meal time point on week 14 compared to the study baseline. We conclude that 14 weeks of treatment with Viscofiber at 4 g/day along with a lifestyle change program and diet causes weight loss and increases fasting PYY, fasting GLP-1, and satiety at 1 hour following a standard meal, which extends the single meal test observations in humans.
Authors:
Frank Greenway; Carol E O'Neil; Laura Stewart; Jennifer Rood; Michael Keenan; Roy Martin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medicinal food     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1096-620X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Med Food     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-26     Completed Date:  2008-03-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9812512     Medline TA:  J Med Food     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  720-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA. greenwfl@pbrc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage*,  adverse effects
Fasting*
Female
Fermentation*
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 / blood*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Peptide YY / blood*
Viscosity
Weight Loss
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
106388-42-5/Peptide YY; 89750-14-1/Glucagon-Like Peptide 1

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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