Document Detail

Fourier transform infrared studies in hypergolic ignition of ionic liquids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18681416     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
A class of room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) that exhibit hypergolic activity toward fuming nitric acid is reported. Fast ignition of dicyanamide ionic liquids when mixed with nitric acid is contrasted with the reactivity of the ionic liquid azides, which show high reactivity with nitric acid, but do not ignite. The reactivity of other potential salt fuels is assessed here. Rapid-scan, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy of the preignition phase indicates the evolution of N 2O from both the dicyanamide and azide RTILs. Evidence for the evolution of CO 2 and isocyanic acid (HNCO) with similar temporal behavior to N 2O from reaction of the dicyanamide ionic liquids with nitric acid is presented. Evolution of HN 3 is detected from the azides. No evolution of HCN from the dicyanamide reactions was detected. From the FTIR observations, biuret reaction tests, and initial ab initio calculations, a mechanism is proposed for the formation of N 2O, CO 2, and HNCO from the dicyanamide reactions during preignition.
Steven D Chambreau; Stefan Schneider; Michael Rosander; Tom Hawkins; Christopher J Gallegos; Matthew F Pastewait; Ghanshyam L Vaghjiani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-08-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of physical chemistry. A     Volume:  112     ISSN:  1520-5215     ISO Abbreviation:  J Phys Chem A     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-22     Completed Date:  2008-09-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9890903     Medline TA:  J Phys Chem A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7816-24     Citation Subset:  -    
Space and Missile Propulsion Division, Propulsion Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, AFRL/RZSP, 10 E Saturn Boulevard, Edwards AFB, California 93524, USA.
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