Document Detail


Formulas for premature infants: fate of the calcium and phosphorus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6408594     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Formulas designed for feeding of premature infants contain minerals added by the manufacturer. Although it is known that these minerals may be poorly suspended in the formula, little is known about concentrations of minerals in formula delivered to the infant under conditions prevailing in premature infant nurseries. In partially empty bottles of Similac Special Care, concentrations of calcium and phosphorus of this residual formula were found to be substantially greater than concentrations in full bottles. Presumably, concentrations of calcium and phosphorus in formula delivered to the infants was relatively low. Enfamil Premature and SMA Preemie infant formulas contain lesser quantities of added calcium and demonstrated less tendency to sedimentation. Substantial decrease in concentration of calcium was observed with all three formulas during continuous infusion, but the decrease was greatest with Similac Special Care. Little or no change in concentrations of calcium and phosphorus were observed with simulated bolus feeding by gavage.
Authors:
J Bhatia; S J Fomon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0031-4005     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  1983 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-08-11     Completed Date:  1983-08-11     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  37-40     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Chemical Precipitation
Drug Stability
Enteral Nutrition*
Humans
Infant Food / standards*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Phosphorus / administration & dosage*
Suspensions
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1PO1HD 07578/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary; 0/Suspensions; 7723-14-0/Phosphorus

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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