Document Detail


Formula intake of 1- and 4-month-old infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3723264     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was designed to estimate energy intake in exclusively formula-fed infants. Formula intake of twenty-four 1- and 4-month-old infants was studied for 5 consecutive days; six boys and six girls were in each age group. Intake was estimated by laboratory-determined weights of formula consumed, spilled, and regurgitated. Two additional methods were used to estimate intake in the first nine infants during the 1st day of observation: test-weighing the infant at each feeding and mother's weighing of formula consumed, regurgitated, and spilled at each feeding. No consistent differences were detected among methods, but test-weighing appeared to have the greatest feed-to-feed variability. Intake was estimated to be 747 +/- 100 g or 125.5 +/- 17 kcal/kg, and 958 +/- 131 g or 94.0 +/- 13 kcal/kg for 1- and 4-month-old infants, respectively. The day-to-day variability (expressed as the coefficient of variation) was 13 and 15% (CV, g/kg) for 1- and 4-month-old infants, respectively. Between-infant variability of intake was approximately 8% (CV, g/kg) for both age groups. Energy intakes of 1-month-old formula-fed infants were similar to published values of breast-fed infants of similar age, but the energy intakes of 4-month-old formula-fed infants were significantly higher than values published for 4-month-old breast-fed infants.
Authors:
C M Montandon; C Wills; C Garza; E O Smith; B L Nichols
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition     Volume:  5     ISSN:  0277-2116     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr.     Publication Date:    1986 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-07-25     Completed Date:  1986-07-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211545     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  434-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Body Height
Body Weight
Energy Intake*
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant Food*
Male

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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