Document Detail

Formocresol versus calcium hydroxide direct pulp capping of human primary molars: two year follow-up.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20831133     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Clinical and radiographic evaluation of the premedicated direct pulp capping using formocresol (PDC) versus conventional direct pulp capping using calcium hydroxide (CDC) in human carious primary molars. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 120 vital primary molars with pinpoint exposure during caries removal in 84 patients aged 4-5 years were selected. In the PDC group (n = 60), 20% Buckley's formocresol solution, and in the CDC group (n = 60), calcium hydroxide powder were applied to the exposure sites followed by placement of zinc oxide-eugenol base. Teeth were restored with preformed stainless steel crowns. Clinical and radiographic evaluations of the treatment outcomes were performed at regular intervals of 6 and 12 months, respectively, for two years post-operatively. RESULTS: The prevalence of spontaneous pain, sensitivity on percussion, and fistula were significantly higher in the CDC group compared to the PDC group (P < 0.05). The number of teeth exhibiting periapical/furcal radiolucency or external/internal root resorption was also higher in the CDC group (P < 0.05). The clinical success rate of the PDC was 90% compared to the 61.7% of the CDC (P < 0.05). The radiographic success rates of the PDC and CDC groups were 85% and 53.3%, respectively (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: It seems formocresol premedicated direct pulp capping could safely be used as a substitute for conventional direct pulp capping.
Naser Asl Aminabadi; Ramin Mostofi Zadeh Farahani; Sina Ghertasi Oskouei
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of clinical pediatric dentistry     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1053-4628     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Pediatr Dent     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-13     Completed Date:  2010-11-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100079     Medline TA:  J Clin Pediatr Dent     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  317-21     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
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MeSH Terms
Calcium Hydroxide / therapeutic use*
Child, Preschool
Dental Alloys
Dental Caries / therapy
Dental Cavity Lining / methods
Dental Materials / therapeutic use*
Dental Pulp Capping / methods*
Dental Pulp Exposure / therapy
Follow-Up Studies
Formocresols / therapeutic use*
Molar / drug effects,  pathology*
Oral Fistula / etiology,  radiography
Periapical Diseases / etiology,  radiography
Root Resorption / etiology,  radiography
Stainless Steel
Tooth, Deciduous / drug effects,  pathology*
Toothache / etiology
Treatment Outcome
Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement / therapeutic use
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dental Alloys; 0/Dental Materials; 0/Formocresols; 0/Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement; 12597-68-1/Stainless Steel; 1305-62-0/Calcium Hydroxide; 37203-87-5/formocresol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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