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Formation of Metal Clusters or Nitrogen-Bridged Adducts by Reaction of a Bis(amino)stannylene with Halides of Two-Valent Transition Metals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11666574     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
When the cyclic bis(amino)stannylene Me(2)Si(NtBu)(2)Sn is allowed to react with metal halides MX(2) (M = Cr, Fe, Co, Zn; X = Cl, Br [Zn]) adducts of the general formula [Me(2)Si(NtBu)(2)Sn.MX(2)](n) are obtained. The compounds are generally dimeric (n = 2) except the ZnBr(2) adduct, which is monomeric in benzene. The crystal structures of [Me(2)Si(NtBu)(2)Sn.CoCl(2)](2) (triclinic, space group &Pmacr;1; a = 8.620(9) Å, b = 9.160(9) Å, c = 12.280(9) Å, alpha = 101.2(1) degrees, beta = 97.6(1) degrees, gamma = 105.9(1) degrees, Z = 1) and of [Me(2)Si(NtBu)(2)Sn.ZnCl(2)](2) (monoclinic, space group P2(1)/c; a = 8.156(9) Å, b = 16.835(12) Å, c = 13.206(9) Å, beta = 94.27(6) degrees, Z = 2) were determined by X-ray diffraction techniques. The two compounds form similar polycyclic, centrosymmetrical assemblies of metal atoms bridged by chlorine or nitrogen atoms. While in the case of the cobalt compound Co is pentacoordinated by three chlorine and two nitrogen atoms, in the zinc derivative Zn is almost tetrahedrally coordinated by three chlorine atoms and one nitrogen atom. The iron derivative [Me(2)Si(NtBu)(2)Sn.FeCl(2)](2) seems to be isostructural with the cobalt compound as can be deduced from the crystal data (triclinic, a = 8.622(7) Å, b = 9.158(8) Å, c = 12.353(8) Å, alpha = 101.8(1) degrees, beta = 96.9(1) degrees, gamma = 105.9(1) degrees, Z = 1). If NiBr(2), PdCl(2), or PtCl(2) is combined with the stannylene, the reaction product is totally different: 4 equiv of the stannylene are coordinating per metal halide, forming the molecular compound [Me(2)Si(NtBu)(2)Sn](4)MX(2), which crystallizes with half a mole of benzene per molecular formula. The crystal structures of [Me(2)Si(NtBu)(2)Sn](4).NiBr(2).(1)/(2)C(6)H(6) (tetragonal, space group I4(1)/a, a = b = 43.86(4) Å, c = 14.32(2) Å, Z = 16) and [Me(2)Si(NtBu)(2)Sn](4).PdCl(2).(1)/(2)C(6)H(6) (tetragonal, space group I4(1)/a, a = b = 43.99(4) Å, c = 14.318(14) Å, Z = 16) reveal the two compounds to be isostructural. The molecules have an inner Sn(4)M pentametallic core (mean distances: Sn-Ni 2.463 Å, Sn-Pd 2.544 Å) with the transition metal in the center of a slightly distorted square formed by the four tin atoms, the distortion from planarity resulting in a weak paramagnetism of 0.2 &mgr;(B) for the nickel compound. The halogen atoms form bridges between two of the tin atoms and have no bonding interaction with the transition metal. The nickel compound has also been prepared by direct interaction of Br(2) or NR(4)Br(3) with [Me(2)Si(NtBu)(2)Sn](4)Ni as a minor product, the main products being Me(2)Si(NtBu)(2)Sn(NtBu)(2)SiMe(2,) Me(2)Si(NtBu)(2)SnBr(2), NiBr(2) and SnBr(2). Other metal clusters have been obtained by the reaction of Me(2)Si(NtBu)(2)Sn with tetrakis(triphenyphosphine)palladium or by the reaction of Me(2)Si(NtBu)(2)Ge with RhCl(PPh(3))(3). In the first case Ph(3)PPd[Sn(NtBu)(2)SiMe(2)](3)PdPPh(3) (rhombohedral, space group R3c, a = b = 21.397(12) Å, c = 57.01(5) Å, alpha = beta = 90 degrees, gamma = 120 degrees, Z = 12) is formed and is characterized by X-ray techniques to be composed of a central PdSn(3)Pd trigonal bipyramid with the tin atoms occupying the equatorial positions (Pd-Sn = 2.702(5) Å). In the second reaction all the triphenylphosphine ligands are replaced from rhodium and Rh[Ge(NtBu)(2)SiMe(2)](4)Cl is formed (monoclinic, space group P2(1)/n, a = 12.164(2) Å, b = 23.625(5) Å, c = 24.128(5) Å, beta = 102.74(3) degrees, Z = 4). The central core of this molecule is made up of a rhodium atom which is almost square planarly coordinated by the germanium atoms, two of which are bridged by chlorine (mean Ge-Rh = 2.355 Å).
Michael Veith; Alice Müller; Lothar Stahl; Martin Nötzel; Maria Jarczyk; Volker Huch
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  Inorganic chemistry     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1520-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  Inorg Chem     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-Oct-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0366543     Medline TA:  Inorg Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  3848-3855     Citation Subset:  -    
Institute for Inorganic Chemistry, University of the Saarland, D-66041 Saarbrücken, Germany.
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