Document Detail

Formalin fixation in the '-omics' era: a primer for the surgeon-scientist.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22571596     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Formalin is the most commonly used tissue fixative worldwide. While it offers excellent morphological preservation for routine histology, it has detrimental effects on nucleic acids. Most studies of nucleic acids have therefore used fresh frozen tissue, the collection and storage of which is resource intensive. The ability to use modern genomic, transcriptomic and epigenomic methods with nucleic acids derived from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues would allow enormous archives of routinely stored tissues (usually with well-annotated clinical data) to be used for translational research. This paper outlines the effects of formalin on nucleic acids, describes ways of minimizing nucleic acid degradation and optimizing extraction, and reviews recent studies that have used contemporary techniques to analyse FFPE-derived nucleic acids (with a focus on malignant tissue sources). Simple tips are also offered to ensure the utility of your institution's samples for future studies, and broadly applicable guidelines are listed for those contemplating their own study using FFPE-derived material.
Adam Frankel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  ANZ journal of surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1445-2197     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101086634     Medline TA:  ANZ J Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Author. ANZ Journal of Surgery © 2012 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.
University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
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