Document Detail


Forensic anthropology in Latin America.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10759068     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Forensic anthropology has been one of the fastest growing medico-legal disciplines both in its contribution to the practical needs of the legal system and research accomplishments. New anthropological standards were developed to apply to a specific population of a region. The purpose of this paper is to analyze a large sample of anthropological forensic cases and to review pertinent literature that deals with anthropological standards developed for the population of the continent of Central and South America. Using Uruguay as an example, there was not a single office or anthropologist assigned to analyze human skeletal remains in Uruguay. In 1991 the Laboratorio de Antropología Forense at the Morgue Judicial of Montevideo was created. A total of 189 forensic anthropological cases (276 individuals) were analyzed since this date. Twenty six percent of cases involving human remains were positively identified. The majority came from the Departamento de Montevideo, the largest population district of the country. Most of the cases fell into the 60 to 69 years old age range (35%). Females represented 32% of the total. Since the establishment of the laboratory, the number of forensic cases increased considerably from 20 in 1991 to 40 in 1997. The case studies were accompanied with skull-photo superimposition and facial reconstruction when no other evidence for positive identification was available. This service provided by the laboratory was quickly known to coroners, law enforcement agencies, and other legal authorities and thus utilized not only in Uruguay but also in several other countries in the continent. Because of the obvious need for an anthropologist, there are now university programs to provide forensic anthropological education. Yet, research has lagged behind considerably. Deficiencies are obvious in basic osteological standards of estimating age, calculating stature, determining sex and assessing race that can be applied to populations of the continent. Regional standards are also needed to estimate postmortem interval, to identify culture specific causes of trauma and other forensic phenomena. Some of these can be remedied if there is a database where the available literature is stored and osteometric information is shared.
Authors:
M Y Işcan; H E Olivera
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Forensic science international     Volume:  109     ISSN:  0379-0738     ISO Abbreviation:  Forensic Sci. Int.     Publication Date:  2000 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-04-25     Completed Date:  2000-04-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902034     Medline TA:  Forensic Sci Int     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Adli Tip Enstitüsü, Istanbul Universitesi, Turkey. iscan@istanbul.edu.tr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Determination by Skeleton
Age Factors
Aged
Body Height
Central America
Continental Population Groups
Coroners and Medical Examiners
Culture
Databases as Topic
Face / anatomy & histology
Female
Forensic Anthropology* / education,  methods,  organization & administration,  standards
Humans
Laboratories
Legislation as Topic
Male
Middle Aged
Police
Population
Research
Sex Determination (Analysis)
Sex Factors
Skull / anatomy & histology
South America
Uruguay

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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