Document Detail


Forelimb joint moments and power during the walking stance phase of horses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9582965     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To calculate normative joint moments of force and power for the forelimb of walking horses as a benchmark against which to compare these mechanical variables in horses with specific lameness. ANIMALS: 4 Dutch Warmblood horses with no recent history of lameness. PROCEDURE: Horses were walked by hand through the test area, and data from 5 walking trials were collected for each horse. Two camera views were combined with vertical and craniocaudal ground reaction forces to calculate net moments of force in the sagittal plane across the carpal, metacarpophalangeal (fetlock), and distal interphalangeal (coffin) joints during the stance phase of the forelimb. Mechanical power was calculated as the product of net joint moment and the joint's angular velocity. RESULTS: During the early part of the stance phase, the carpal joint had oscillating periods of energy generation and absorption against a predominant flexor moment, then an absorption phase at the end of the stance phase, as the carpus flexed into swing against an extensor moment. The fetlock absorbed energy in the early part of the stance phase, then the terminal part was marked by a large generation of energy across the joint. A flexor moment was measured at the coffin joint throughout the stance phase, and this coincided with a long phase of energy absorption followed by a short phase of generation for push-off. CONCLUSION: Consistency of the power data indicates that typical profiles of work exist for each of the joints (carpus, fetlock, and coffin). CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Detection of changes to these profiles of work may contribute to diagnosis of specific lameness conditions.
Authors:
G R Colborne; J L Lanovaz; E J Sprigings; H C Schamhardt; H M Clayton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0002-9645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  1998 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-06-26     Completed Date:  1998-06-26     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  609-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anatomy, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Biomechanics
Forelimb / physiology*
Gait / physiology*
Horses / physiology*
Joints / physiology*
Male
Physical Exertion / physiology*
Video Recording
Walking / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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