Document Detail


Forceplate and accelerometer measures for evaluating the effect of muscle fatigue on postural control during one-legged stance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14730723     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The control of balance is vital in many sporting activities as well as in activities of daily life. In order to treat deficiencies properly valid and reliable methods are needed to evaluate different aspects of stability. Muscle fatigue has been proposed to cause a change in postural control strategy, and the use of different tools and variables might therefore elucidate these changes. The aims of the present study were: to investigate if forceplate and accelerometer measurements about postural control during one-legged stance indicate changes in postural control strategy after fatiguing exercise; and to investigate the correlation between forceplate and accelerometer measurements obtained before and after fatiguing exercise. METHOD: The study used an experimental design. Twenty-three healthy women (mean age 26.8 years; range 20-34 years) were studied. Forceplate and accelerometer data were obtained simultaneously and consisted of measures of centre of pressure movements and horizontal trunk acceleration in medio-lateral and antero-posterior directions. The calf muscles of the right leg were fatigued by repeated heel rises. RESULTS: The average amplitude of centre of pressure movements and trunk acceleration increased, whereas the average velocity of centre of pressure movements decreased during fatigue. These changes indicate a change of movement strategy. Moderate correlation between trunk acceleration and centre of pressure movements was seen, confirming the link between the variables, but indicating that different aspects of the ability to control balance were measured. CONCLUSIONS: Calf muscle fatigue has a short-lasting effect on body balance, with measurements indicating a change in postural control strategy. Different tools and variables are needed to identify different balance control strategies. The procedures used in the present study may be modified to identify subjects with inadequate capacity to choose between balance control strategies; they are also applicable in clinical settings outside a laboratory environment.
Authors:
Anna-Karin Adlerton; Ulrich Moritz; Rolf Moe-Nilssen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiotherapy research international : the journal for researchers and clinicians in physical therapy     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1358-2267     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiother Res Int     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-01-20     Completed Date:  2004-02-20     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9612022     Medline TA:  Physiother Res Int     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  187-99     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute for Musculoskeletal Diseases, Department of Physical Therapy, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. anna_karin.adlerton@sjukgym.lu.se
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acceleration
Adult
Biomechanics
Exercise Test
Female
Gait / physiology*
Humans
Movement
Muscle Fatigue / physiology*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Physical Therapy Modalities / methods
Postural Balance / physiology*
Posture / physiology*
Probability
Prospective Studies
Reaction Time
Reference Values
Sensitivity and Specificity

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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