Document Detail


Forced oscillation total respiratory resistance and spontaneous breathing lung resistance in COPD patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10489847     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Forced-oscillation total respiratory resistance (Rrs) has been shown to underestimate spontaneous breathing lung resistance (RL,sb) in patients with airway obstruction, probably owing to upper airway shunting. The present study reinvestigates that relationship in seven severely obstructed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients using a technique that minimizes that artefact. Rrs at 8 and 16 Hz was computed for each successive forced oscillation cycle. Inspiratory and expiratory RL,sb were obtained by analysing transpulmonary pressure (Ptp) with a four-coefficient model, and compared to Rrs over the same periods. "Instantaneous" values of RL,sb were also obtained by computing the dynamic component of Ptp, and compared to simultaneous values of Rrs. In both respiratory phases, good agreement between Rrs and RL,sb was observed up to RL,sb values of approximately 15 hPa x s(-1) x L(-1) at 8 Hz and 10 hPa x s(-1) x L(-1) at 16 Hz. Instantaneous Rrs and RL,sb varied systematically during the respiratory cycle, exhibiting various amounts of flow- or volume-dependence in the seven patients; the amplitudes of their variations were significantly correlated, but Rrs was much more flow-dependent than RL,sb in three patients. Also, Rrs exceeded RL,sb at end-expiration in three instances, which could be related to expiratory flow limitation. In conclusion, total respiratory resistance is reliable up to much higher levels of airway obstruction than previously thought, provided upper airway shunting is avoided.
Authors:
R Farré; R Peslin; M Rotger; J A Barberá; D Navajas
Related Documents :
2109557 - Eucapnia and hypercapnia in patients with chronic airflow limitation. the role of the u...
7512747 - The value of a new symptom score (dan-pss) in diagnosing uro-dynamic infravesical obstr...
21414577 - Impact of the revision of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia tas...
21716957 - Reliable early prediction for different types of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia.
7196887 - Leprosy and female reproductive organs.
7957037 - Airway effects of direct left-sided cervical vagal stimulation in patients with complex...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European respiratory journal     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0903-1936     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Respir. J.     Publication Date:  1999 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-21     Completed Date:  1999-10-21     Revised Date:  2013-05-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803460     Medline TA:  Eur Respir J     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  172-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Lab. Biofisica i Bioenginyeria, Facultat de Medicina, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques Agustí Pi Sunyer (IDIBAPS), UniversitatdeBarcelona, Spain.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Airway Resistance*
Female
Forced Expiratory Flow Rates
Humans
Inspiratory Capacity
Lung Diseases, Obstructive / physiopathology*
Male
Mathematics
Middle Aged
Respiration*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Intrapulmonary gas mixing and the sloping alveolar plateau in COPD patients with macroscopic emphyse...
Next Document:  An independent association between obstructive sleep apnoea and coronary artery disease.