Document Detail


Force-frequency relations during heart failure in pigs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7810747     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In isolated cardiac muscle from patients with severe heart failure (HF) the force-frequency relation (FFR) is often negative, but the characteristics of the FFR under basal conditions and its responsiveness to adrenergic stimulation have not been studied in the intact, failing heart. Severe HF was produced in pigs (n = 6) by continuous rapid left ventricular (LV) pacing (225 beats/min). In the conscious resting state, high-fidelity LV pressure and its maximum first derivative (LV dP/dtmax) were obtained over a range of atrial pacing rates (100-225 beats/min) before (control) and after HF. Before HF, the relationship between increased heart rate and LV dP/dtmax (a measure of the FFR) was flat, but during dobutamine infusion the FFR showed a significant positive slope (P < 0.003). After HF, the basal FFR was depressed, but the slope of the FFR was not increased by dobutamine. After HF, responses of dP/dtmax to slowing of HR by a specific sinus node inhibitor confirmed the absence of a negative basal FFR. In conclusion, the basal LV FFR in conscious pigs with severe HF was not negative. Unlike the normal heart, in HF beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation did not amplify the FFR, a phenomenon that could play an important role in the impaired response to exercise in patients with HF.
Authors:
G P Eising; H K Hammond; G A Helmer; E Gilpin; J Ross
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  267     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1994 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-01-27     Completed Date:  1995-01-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H2516-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093-0613.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Pressure
Cardiac Output, Low / etiology,  physiopathology*
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
Dobutamine / pharmacology
Heart Rate* / drug effects
Myocardial Contraction / drug effects
Receptors, Adrenergic, beta / drug effects,  physiology
Stimulation, Chemical
Swine
Ventricular Function, Left
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-0281201/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-17682/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Receptors, Adrenergic, beta; 34368-04-2/Dobutamine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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