Document Detail


Food technology problems related to space feeding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11826888     Owner:  NASA     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The development of foods suitable for extraterrestrial consumption posed unique problems. Limitations on weight, volume and stability of space food together with the lack of refrigeration favored the use of dehydrated foods on Gemini and Apollo menus. Environmental constraints, cabin pressures of 1/3 atmosphere with exposure of the food assembly to the vacuum of space in conjunction with extravehicular activities and zero gravity required special packaging and adaptation of foods considered suitable for space flight use. Requirements for acceptable, familiar, crumb free, low residue, non-gas producing, stable foods added to the complexity of the developmental effort. Four basic approaches: semisolid foods in metal tubes, dehydrated bite-size foods to be eaten dry, dehydrated foods to be reconstituted before eating and flexibly packaged thermostabilized wet meat products have been utilized in the feeding systems developed for Projects Mercury, Gemini and Apollo. The development of each type posed many interesting technologic problems. Data from current Apollo flights have pointed to certain deficiencies which still remain to be corrected. Work is progressing to eliminate current problems and to provide feeding systems suitable for both short-term and long-term space flights.
Authors:
H A Hollender; M V Klicka; M C Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Life sciences and space research     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0075-9422     ISO Abbreviation:  Life Sci Space Res     Publication Date:  1970  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-02-04     Completed Date:  2002-10-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1250331     Medline TA:  Life Sci Space Res     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  265-79     Citation Subset:  S    
Affiliation:
U.S. Army Natick Laboratories, Natick, Massachusetts, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Atmospheric Pressure
Food
Food Handling / methods*
Food Technology*
Food, Formulated*
Freeze Drying / methods
Oxygen / metabolism
Space Flight / instrumentation*
Weightlessness*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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