Document Detail

Food technology problems related to space feeding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11826888     Owner:  NASA     Status:  MEDLINE    
The development of foods suitable for extraterrestrial consumption posed unique problems. Limitations on weight, volume and stability of space food together with the lack of refrigeration favored the use of dehydrated foods on Gemini and Apollo menus. Environmental constraints, cabin pressures of 1/3 atmosphere with exposure of the food assembly to the vacuum of space in conjunction with extravehicular activities and zero gravity required special packaging and adaptation of foods considered suitable for space flight use. Requirements for acceptable, familiar, crumb free, low residue, non-gas producing, stable foods added to the complexity of the developmental effort. Four basic approaches: semisolid foods in metal tubes, dehydrated bite-size foods to be eaten dry, dehydrated foods to be reconstituted before eating and flexibly packaged thermostabilized wet meat products have been utilized in the feeding systems developed for Projects Mercury, Gemini and Apollo. The development of each type posed many interesting technologic problems. Data from current Apollo flights have pointed to certain deficiencies which still remain to be corrected. Work is progressing to eliminate current problems and to provide feeding systems suitable for both short-term and long-term space flights.
H A Hollender; M V Klicka; M C Smith
Related Documents :
12177148 - The role of the frontal ganglion in locust feeding and moulting related behaviours.
18400998 - Laboratory observations on the feeding behavior and feeding rate of the nemertean proce...
19135768 - Lack of toxicity by medium chain triglycerides (mct) in canines during a 90-day feeding...
7979338 - Effect of changing daylength on the diurnal pattern of intake and feeding behaviour in ...
17604748 - Comparison of the rheological properties of ready-to-serve and powdered instant food-th...
1398558 - Testosterone and opioids interact to regulate feeding in a male migratory songbird.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Life sciences and space research     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0075-9422     ISO Abbreviation:  Life Sci Space Res     Publication Date:  1970  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-02-04     Completed Date:  2002-10-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1250331     Medline TA:  Life Sci Space Res     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  265-79     Citation Subset:  S    
U.S. Army Natick Laboratories, Natick, Massachusetts, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Atmospheric Pressure
Food Handling / methods*
Food Technology*
Food, Formulated*
Freeze Drying / methods
Oxygen / metabolism
Space Flight / instrumentation*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  An effect of weightlessness following exposure to vibration.
Next Document:  The proportions of carbohydrate, fat and protein in space feeding.