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Food sources and correlates of sodium and potassium intakes in Flemish pre-school children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22014724     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate dietary sources of Na and K intakes among Flemish pre-school children using multiple linear regression analyses. DESIGN: Three-day estimated diet records were used to assess dietary intakes. The contribution to Na and K intakes of fifty-seven food groups was computed by summing the amount provided by the food group for all individuals divided by the total intake for all individuals. SETTING: A random cluster sampling design at the level of schools, stratified by province and age, was used. SUBJECTS: A representative sample of 696 Flemish pre-school children aged 2·5-6·5 years was recruited. RESULTS: Mean Na intake was above and mean K intake was largely below the recommendation for children. Bread (22 %) and soup (13 %) were main contributors to Na intake followed by cold meat cuts and other meat products (12 % and 11 %, respectively). Sugared milk drinks, fried potatoes, milk and fruit juices were the main K sources (13 %, 12 %, 11 % and 11 %, respectively). Although Na and K intakes were positively correlated, several food categories showed Na:K intake ratio well above one (water, cheeses, soup, butter/margarine, fast foods and light beverages) whereas others presented a ratio well below one (oil & fat, fruits & juices, potatoes, vegetables and hot beverages). CONCLUSIONS: Flemish pre-school children had too high Na and too low K intakes. The finding that main dietary sources of Na and K are clearly different indicates the feasibility of simultaneously decreasing Na and increasing K intake among children.
Inge Huybrechts; Willem De Keyzer; Yi Lin; Stefanie Vandevijvere; Carine Vereecken; Herman Van Oyen; Katrien Tilleman; Mia Bellemans; Mieke De Maeyer; Guy De Backer; Stefaan De Henauw
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-8     Citation Subset:  -    
1Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, UZ - 2 Blok A, De Pintelaan 185, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
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