Document Detail

Food sensitivity in the dog: a quantitative study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12038852     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Over a period of one year, 251 dogs were presented to a UK-based dermatology referral clinic. Eighty-five of these were either diagnosed as having symptoms compatible with atopy (58 dogs), or suffered from chronic otitis or recurrent pyoderma. All 85 were placed on a carefully restricted diet for eight to nine weeks in an attempt to establish whether the symptoms were due to food sensitivity. In total, 19 were shown to have food sensitivity, representing 7.6 per cent of all dogs presented to the clinic, and one-third (32.7 per cent) of those dogs with signs compatible with a diagnosis of atopy. In five dogs with proven food sensitivity, otitis was the principal clinical sign and, in two others, recurrent pyoderma. In the population studied, labradors appeared to be predisposed to the condition. Improvement was monitored by asking owners to assess their dog's symptoms on an ordinal scale of pruritus. In those cases in which food sensitivity was confirmed, significant reduction in pruritus occurred. Most of these could be maintained long term on a commercial restricted-component diet. Particular effort was made to ensure owner compliance with the diet trials, using an explanation and model based upon a Venn diagram showing assumed links between atopy and several 'flare factors'. It was found that this approach significantly enhanced client understanding and cooperation. It is concluded that a careful approach, monitored by active clinical audit, will help to establish the true incidence of food sensitivity.
C J Chesney
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of small animal practice     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0022-4510     ISO Abbreviation:  J Small Anim Pract     Publication Date:  2002 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-31     Completed Date:  2002-11-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0165053     Medline TA:  J Small Anim Pract     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  203-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Bonding, Human-Pet
Dermatitis, Atopic / etiology,  veterinary*
Dog Diseases / epidemiology,  immunology*
Food Hypersensitivity / epidemiology,  veterinary*
Otitis / etiology,  veterinary*
Patient Education as Topic
Pyoderma / etiology,  veterinary
Referral and Consultation
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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