Document Detail

Food safety: emerging trends in foodborne illness surveillance and prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15499359     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Between 250 and 350 million Americans are estimated to suffer acute gastroenteritis annually, with 25% to 30% thought to be caused by foodborne illnesses. Most vulnerable to foodborne diseases are elderly people, pregnant women, immune-compromised people, and children. While bacterial causes such as Salmonella are widely recognized and monitored as foodborne infections, other important bacterial causes such as Clostridium perfringens , Bacillus cereus , and Staphylococcus aureus are less well known. While the majority of cases of foodborne diseases are of unknown cause, bacteria and viruses are the most likely causative agents. Caliciviridae (Norwalk-like) virus cases are more difficult to identify, but represent the most common cause of known and probably unknown cases. Fresh produce has to be added to the traditional list of foods requiring careful selection and handling to prevent foodborne disease. To assess the disease burden in the United States, morbidity and mortality surveillance activities are done by several networks and systems with collaboration among federal agencies and health departments. Not all important causes are being equally monitored. Critical behaviors by food processors, food retailers, foodservice personnel, and consumers can reduce the risk of foodborne illness episodes. Dietetics professionals can more readily monitor new developments and update knowledge and practice through online resources.
Beverly J McCabe-Sellers; Samuel E Beattie
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  104     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2004 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-22     Completed Date:  2004-12-09     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1708-17     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
USDA, ARS, Lower Mississippi Delta Nutrition Intervention Research Initiative, 900 S Shackleford Rd, Suite 509, Little Rock, AR 72211, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Consumer Product Safety*
Disease Notification
Disease Outbreaks / prevention & control
Food Contamination / prevention & control
Food Handling / methods*
Foodborne Diseases / classification,  mortality,  prevention & control*
Gastroenteritis / classification,  mortality,  prevention & control
Population Surveillance*
Public Health
Risk Factors
United States

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