Document Detail


Food preference, keeper ratings, and reinforcer effectiveness in exotic animals: the value of systematic testing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21191846     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Food preference describes the behavior of selecting between items for consumption; reinforcer effectiveness is the functional effect of that item in controlling behavior. Food preference and reinforcer effectiveness were examined in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and African elephants (Loxodonta africana). A pairwise comparison between food items was used to assess food preference. High-, moderate-, and low-preference items were selected and tested for reinforcer effectiveness. High-preference items controlled behavior more effectively than less-preferred items. Caregiver ratings of food preferences were also collected for each subject, but these reports did not necessarily coincide with actual subject preferences. Caregiver ratings correlated with the food preferences of only 1 individual of each species; thus, preferences of 1 nonhuman animal may be falsely generalized to all animals of that species. Results suggest that food choice and reinforcer effectiveness should be investigated empirically and not rely on anecdotal reports.
Authors:
Diann E Gaalema; Bonnie M Perdue; Angela S Kelling
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied animal welfare science : JAAWS     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1532-7604     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Anim Welf Sci     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-30     Completed Date:  2011-04-07     Revised Date:  2012-05-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9804404     Medline TA:  J Appl Anim Welf Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Center for Conservation and Behavior, School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332–0170, USA. dgaalema@zooatlanta.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Behavior, Animal
Caregivers
Choice Behavior
Elephants / psychology*
Food Preferences / psychology*
Georgia
Humans
Reinforcement (Psychology)*
Ursidae / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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