Document Detail

Food patterns of Australian children ages 9 to 13 y in relation to ω-3 long chain polyunsaturated intake.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24377451     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine food patterns of Australian children ages 9 to 13 y in relation to ω-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (ω-3 LCPUFA) intake.
METHODS: Secondary analysis was conducted on nationally representative food data of 1110 Australian children ages 9 to 13 y (525 boys and 585 girls) that was obtained using two 24-h recalls. Principle component factor analysis was used to identify food patterns. Discriminant function analysis was used to identify the relationship between the food patterns and total ω-3 LCPUFA intake.
RESULTS: Four major food patterns emerged for each sex. For boys these were labeled: "snack foods," "soft drinks," "vegetables," and "pork and meat chops, steak, and mince." For girls they were labeled: "vegetables," "take-away," "tea, coffee, iced coffee drinks" and "canned meals and soup." Fish consumption bought from take-away outlets was more frequently consumed in the "soft drink" (r = 0.577) and take-away (r = 0.485) food pattern in boys and girls, respectively. In contrast, fish prepared at home was more often consumed in "vegetables" in both boys (r = 0.018) and girls (r = 0.106), as well as in the "pork and meat chops, steak and mince" food pattern in boys (r = 0.060). There was a trend that in boys, the "vegetables" group discriminated children who consumed ω-3 LCPUFA levels similar to adequate intakes (AI) (P = 0.067), whereas in girls, the take-away food pattern discriminated for being a fish consumer (P = 0.060).
CONCLUSIONS: Dietary patterns associated with a high consumption of vegetables and "take-aways" food that include meat and fish are likely to positively influence dietary ω-3 LCPUFA intake in Australian children.
Setyaningrum Rahmawaty; Philippa Lyons-Wall; Marijka Batterham; Karen Charlton; Barbara J Meyer
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1873-1244     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutrition     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802712     Medline TA:  Nutrition     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  169-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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