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Food limitation in Chironomus tepperi: Effects on survival, sex ratios and development across two generations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22832000     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Species from the Dipteran family Chironomidae are widely used in laboratory and field studies to identify toxicity in freshwater environments. However, toxicity assessments can be influenced by food availability, which can alter endpoints in assays including viability, sex ratios and development time. The aim of this study was to determine if food limitation affected the endpoints used in toxicity tests with the Australian model organism, Chironomus tepperi, including responses in offspring. First instar larvae were subjected to food treatments with larval density controlled and offspring were either raised under the same food conditions as their parents or under standard conditions. In lower food density treatments adults in the F(0) generation experienced delayed emergence and females produced fewer egg masses. F(0) diet affected the performance of F(1) to continued exposure and there was evidence that the quality of the offspring was compromised. Although sex ratios were not skewed, males and females responded differently to food limitation, especially in the F(1) generation where female development was more delayed. These results demonstrate that endpoints used in toxicity evaluation in C. tepperi also respond to food availability, highlighting the need to control for food in both laboratory and field toxicity studies. Multiple generations should ideally be exposed to stressors under laboratory conditions to elucidate likely long term effects in the field.
Authors:
Kallie R Townsend; Vincent J Pettigrove; Ary A Hoffmann
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ecotoxicology and environmental safety     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1090-2414     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805381     Medline TA:  Ecotoxicol Environ Saf     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Centre for Aquatic Pollution Identification and Management, Department of Zoology, University of Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia.
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