Document Detail

Food intake and academic performance among adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18783639     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Prince Edward Island adolescents' food use was examined, as were possible associations between food use and grade, sex, and academic performance. METHODS: Participants (n=325) were purposively selected from four junior high schools. Dietary data were collected using an adaptation of the 2003 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Demographic information and self-reported academic performance were also assessed. Vegetable and fruit (VF) and milk scores were created, and multivariate analysis was performed to identify which combination of grade, sex, VF score, and milk score predicted academic performance best. RESULTS: Mean daily intakes of VF (4.3 +/- 2.9 servings) and milk (1.7 +/- 1.4 servings) were below recommended levels. Students with higher academic performance (average grades above 90%) were more likely to consume milk, vegetables, and fruit daily than were those who reported lower grades. There was no significant difference in the proportion of adequate milk intakes between students reporting higher and lower academic performance. CONCLUSIONS: The association between VF intake and academic performance supports the need for further research with a larger, more representative sample.
Debbie MacLellan; Jennifer Taylor; Kyla Wood
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of dietetic practice and research : a publication of Dietitians of Canada = Revue canadienne de la pratique et de la recherche en diététique : une publication des Diététistes du Canada     Volume:  69     ISSN:  1486-3847     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Diet Pract Res     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-11     Completed Date:  2008-10-20     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9811151     Medline TA:  Can J Diet Pract Res     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  141-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Family and Nutritional Sciences, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PEI.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Dairy Products
Educational Measurement
Educational Status*
Energy Intake / physiology*
Prince Edward Island

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