Document Detail

Food insecurity: special considerations for women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22089447     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Food insecurity is the converse state, is often associated with poverty and low income, and has important implications for the health and nutrition of individuals. Given their contribution to food production and preparation, their role in society as child bearers and caregivers, the increasing number of female-headed households worldwide, and their disproportionately poor economic status, women need special consideration in discussions of food insecurity and its effect on health, nutrition, and behavior. This article reviews the scientific literature on issues related to women and food insecurity. Food insecurity is associated with obesity, anxiety, and depressive symptoms; risky sexual behavior; poor coping strategies; and negative pregnancy outcomes in women, although evidence about the direction and causality of associations is unclear. There is a lack of evidence and understanding of the effects of food insecurity in resource-poor settings, including its effect on weight, nutritional outcomes, and pregnancy outcomes, as well as its effect on progression of diseases such as HIV infection. More research is needed to guide efficient interventions that address food insecurity among women. However, practical experience suggests that both short-term assistance and longer-term strategies that improve livelihoods, address behavioral and coping strategies, acknowledge the mental health components of food insecurity, and attempt to ensure that women have the same economic opportunities, access to land, and economic power as men are important.
Louise C Ivers; Kimberly A Cullen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review     Date:  2011-11-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  94     ISSN:  1938-3207     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-22     Completed Date:  2012-02-03     Revised Date:  2013-10-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1740S-1744S     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Partners In Health, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight
Family Characteristics
Food Supply*
HIV Infections
Malnutrition / complications*,  therapy
Mental Disorders
Nutritional Status*
Pregnancy Outcome
Sex Factors*
Social Class
Women's Rights*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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