Document Detail


Food insecurity and obesity are positively associated in Mexico City schoolchildren
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17569298     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Here we analyzed the relationship of the food insecurity with overweight and food consumption in schoolchildren of Mexico City. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sample (n=768) students of six primary schools of Mexico City. Socioeconomic status and food insecurity were evaluated by means of a questionnaire. According to food security-insecurity, the students were categorized in three groups (food secure, moderate food insecure and severe food insecure). Food consumption frequency was evaluated with a questionnaire. It was considered that students were overweight when their Z score values of body mass index (BMI) to age was greater than +2 standard deviations, according to CDC reference. RESULTS: The highest rate of overweight was observed in children with severe food insecurity (15.8%), followed by children with moderate food insecurity (10.4%), and by food secure children (6.9%). The same pattern was observed after adjusting by age, sex and socioeconomic status. The students with food insecurity had greater consumption of fatty cereals, salty foods and high energy density sweets. CONCLUSION: In schoolchildren, food insecurity is related to greater risk of overweight, possibly because the more food insecure households acquire more low cost and high energy density foods.
Authors:
Luis Ortiz-Hernández; María Nayeli Acosta-Gutiérrez; Alma Elisa Núñez-Pérez; Nadia Peralta-Fonseca; Yoko Ruiz-Gómez
Publication Detail:
Type:  English Abstract; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista de investigación clínica; organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0034-8376     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev. Invest. Clin.     Publication Date:    2007 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-15     Completed Date:  2007-08-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9421552     Medline TA:  Rev Invest Clin     Country:  Mexico    
Other Details:
Languages:  spa     Pagination:  32-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Departamentos de Atención a la Salud, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco, Coyoacán, México. lortiz@correo.xoc.uam.mx
Vernacular Title:
En escolares de la Ciudad de México la inseguridad alimentaria se asoció positivamente con el sobrepeso.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Age Factors
Candy
Cereals
Child
Costs and Cost Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet / statistics & numerical data*
Dietary Carbohydrates*
Eating*
Female
Food / economics
Food Habits*
Food Supply*
Humans
Male
Malnutrition / epidemiology,  etiology
Mexico / epidemiology
Obesity / epidemiology*,  etiology
Poverty*
Questionnaires
Risk
Sex Factors
Urban Population
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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