Document Detail


Food in an evolutionary context: insights from mother's milk.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22729619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In the emergence of diverse animal life forms, food is the most insistent and pervasive of environmental pressures. As the life sciences begin to understand organisms in genomic detail, evolutionary perspectives provide compelling insights into the results of these dynamic interactions between food and consumer. Such an evolutionary perspective is particularly needed today in the face of unprecedented capabilities to alter the food supply. What should we change? Answering this question for food production, safety and sustainability will require a much more detailed understanding of the complex interplay between humans and their food. Many organisms that we grow, produce, process and consume as foods naturally evolved adaptations in part to avoid being eaten. Crop breeding and processing have been the tools to convert overtly toxic and antinutritious commodities into foods that are safe to eat. Now the challenge is to enhance the nutritional quality and thereby contribute to improving human health. We posit that the Rosetta stone of food and nourishment is mammalian lactation and 'mother's milk'. The milk that a mammalian mother produces for her young is a complete and comprehensive diet. Moreover, the capacity of the mammary gland as a remarkable bioreactor to synthesise milk, and the infant to utilise milk, reflects 200 million years of symbiotic co-evolution between producer and consumer. Here we present emerging transdisciplinary research 'decoding' mother's milk from humans and other mammals. We further discuss how insights from mother's milk have important implications for food science and human health.
Authors:
Katie Hinde; J Bruce German
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2012-06-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the science of food and agriculture     Volume:  92     ISSN:  1097-0010     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Sci. Food Agric.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-18     Completed Date:  2012-12-21     Revised Date:  2013-12-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376334     Medline TA:  J Sci Food Agric     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2219-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Animals
Biological Evolution*
Child Development*
Female
Food Analysis*
Food Technology
Gene-Environment Interaction
Health Promotion
Humans
Individualized Medicine
Infant
Male
Milk / chemistry
Milk, Human / chemistry*
Mothers
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1R01HD061923/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; 5R01HD059127/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P01 ES11269/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; P42 ES02710/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; P51 RR000169/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; R01 AT007079/AT/NCCAM NIH HHS; R01 HD061923/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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