Document Detail


Food cravings discriminate between anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Implications for "success" versus "failure" in dietary restriction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19501754     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Food cravings are subjective, motivational states thought to induce binge eating among eating disorder patients. This study compared food cravings across eating disorders. Women (N=135) diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, restrictive (ANR) or binge-purging (ANBP) types, or bulimia nervosa, non-purging (BNNP) or purging (BNP) types completed measures of food cravings. Discriminant analysis yielded two statistically significant functions. The first function differentiated between all the four group pairs except ANBP and BNNP, with levels of various food-craving dimensions successively increasing for ANR, ANBP, BNNP, and BNP participants. The second function differentiated between ANBP and BNNP participants. Overall, the functions improved classification accuracy above chance level (44% fewer errors). The findings suggest that cravings are more strongly associated with loss of control over eating than with dietary restraint tendencies.
Authors:
Silvia Moreno; Cortney S Warren; Sonia Rodríguez; M Carmen Fernández; Antonio Cepeda-Benito
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-02-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1095-8304     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-06-08     Completed Date:  2009-09-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  588-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Universidad de Jaén, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Anorexia Nervosa* / classification,  diagnosis,  psychology
Appetite
Arousal
Body Image
Bulimia / epidemiology,  psychology*
Bulimia Nervosa* / classification,  diagnosis,  psychology
Child
Diet, Reducing / methods,  psychology
Eating
Emotions
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Food Preferences / psychology*
Humans
Inhibition (Psychology)*
Internal-External Control
Motivation
Psychometrics
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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