Document Detail

Food craving and food "addiction": a critical review of the evidence from a biopsychosocial perspective.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10837838     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Although certain commonalities exist between eating and drug use (mood effects, external cue-control of appetites, reinforcement, etc. ), it is argued that the vast majority of cases of (self-reported) food craving and food "addiction" should not be viewed as addictive behavior. An explanation is proposed that instead gives a prominent role to the psychological processes of ambivalence and attribution, operating together with normal mechanisms of appetite control, the hedonic effects of certain foods, and socially and culturally determined perceptions of appropriate intakes and uses of those foods. Ambivalence (e.g., "nice but naughty") about foods such as chocolate arises from the attitude that it is highly palatable but should be eaten with restraint. Attempts to restrict intake, however, cause the desire for chocolate to become more salient, an experience that is then labelled as a craving. This, together with a need to provide a reason for why resisting eating chocolate is difficult and sometimes fails, can, in turn, lead the individual to an explanation in terms of addiction (e.g., "chocoholism"). Moreishness ("causing a desire for more") occurs during, rather than preceding, an eating episode, and is experienced when the eater attempts to limit consumption before appetite for the food has been sated.
P J Rogers; H J Smit
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior     Volume:  66     ISSN:  0091-3057     ISO Abbreviation:  Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav.     Publication Date:  2000 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-07-06     Completed Date:  2000-07-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367050     Medline TA:  Pharmacol Biochem Behav     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, BS8 1TN, Bristol, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Behavior, Addictive / psychology*
Cacao / chemistry
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Feeding Behavior / psychology*
Menstrual Cycle
Psychotropic Drugs / analysis
Serotonin / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Psychotropic Drugs; 50-67-9/Serotonin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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