Document Detail

Food control systems in Canada.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9143819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This paper provides an overview of the responsibilities and jurisdictional boundaries of Health Canada (HC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) with regard to food regulation in Canada. It examines their interagency coordination within the federal structure and with other levels of government, industry, and the consumer. The international developments are considered with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Canada, United States Trade Agreement (CUSTA) being regarded as likely to have a significant future impact. The federal food safety and quality system is complex and fragmented. Federal food regulation comes under the jurisdiction of four federal departments: HC, AAFC, Industry Canada (IC), and Fisheries and Oceans Canada (FOC). All four departments are involved with inspection, surveillance, and the analysis of food sold in Canada. In addition, Canada's ten provincial and two territorial governments have provincial-, regional-, municipal-, and local-level governments that also have jurisdiction over food safety and quality. Consideration is first given to the main legislative provision covering food--the Federal Food and Drugs Act. This Act is administered by several of the Federal Government departments. The role of these departments is examined individually along with additional, more specific legal provisions for which responsibility is not divided (in particular, the Canada Agricultural Products [CAP] Act administered by AAFC, and the Consumer Packaging and Labeling Act [CPLA] administered by IC). The various reviews that have taken place in the recent past and those still in progress are considered, and the final part of this paper looks at the international developments that are likely to have a major impact on the future development of the Canadian food control system.
T M Smith; D J Jukes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical reviews in food science and nutrition     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1040-8398     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr     Publication Date:  1997 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-07-17     Completed Date:  1997-07-17     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8914818     Medline TA:  Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  229-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Branch, Ottawa, Ontario.
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MeSH Terms
Commerce / legislation & jurisprudence
Consumer Product Safety
Food / standards
Food Labeling / legislation & jurisprudence
Food-Processing Industry / legislation & jurisprudence,  standards
International Cooperation
Legislation, Food* / organization & administration
Nutrition Policy / legislation & jurisprudence*
Quality Control
United Nations
United States

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