Document Detail

Food contamination in fast food restaurants in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria: Implications for food hygiene and safety.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20630547     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of food contamination in the fast food restaurants operating in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.
METHODS: Three hundred and fifty food handlers were selected by means of a systematic sampling method and interviewed using a semi-structured researcher-administered questionnaire. One hundred and sixty-eight samples of ready-to-eat food and 45 stool samples were collected and analysed in the laboratory for the presence of bacteria (excluding anaerobic bacteria).
RESULTS: More than half of the respondents (n=184, 52.6%) had no training in food hygiene and safety. Only 149 (42.6%) respondents knew that micro-organisms can contaminate food. The prevalence of food contamination in the fast food restaurants was found to be 37.5%. Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus were the most commonly isolated bacteria, while salad, meat pie and fried rice were the most commonly contaminated foods.
CONCLUSION: There is need for the relevant local authorities to ensure that the food sold to consumers in fast food restaurants is safe, wholesome and fit for human consumption in order to prevent outbreaks of food-borne illnesses. Also, there should be regular training/retraining and health education of these food handlers in all aspects of food hygiene and safety.
A R Isara; E C Isah; P V O Lofor; C K Ojide
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-07-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health     Volume:  124     ISSN:  1476-5616     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-16     Completed Date:  2011-01-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376507     Medline TA:  Public Health     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  467-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of community health, School of medicine, University of Benin, P.M.B. 1054, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Bacillus cereus / isolation & purification
Fast Foods / microbiology*
Food Microbiology*
Food Safety / methods
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Nigeria / epidemiology
Public Health
Salmonella typhi / isolation & purification
Salmonella typhimurium / isolation & purification
Staphylococcus aureus

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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