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Food consumption of Sri Lankan adults: an appraisal of serving characteristics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22784794     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the present study was to identify food consumption in Sri Lankan adults based on serving characteristics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Fruits, vegetables, starch, meat, pulses, dairy products and added sugars in the diet were assessed with portion sizes estimated using standard methods. SETTING: Twelve randomly selected clusters from the Sri Lanka Diabetes and Cardiovascular Study. SUBJECTS: Six hundred non-institutionalized adults. RESULTS: The daily intake of fruit (0·43), vegetable (1·73) and dairy (0·39) portions were well below national recommendations. Only 3·5 % of adults consumed the recommended 5 portions of fruits and vegetables/d; over a third of the population consumed no dairy products and fewer than 1 % of adults consumed 2 portions/d. In contrast, Sri Lankan adults consumed over 14 portions of starch and 3·5 portions of added sugars daily. Almost 70 % of those studied exceeded the upper limit of the recommendations for starch intake. The total daily number of meat and pulse portions was 2·78. CONCLUSIONS: Dietary guidelines emphasize the importance of a balanced and varied diet; however, a substantial proportion of the Sri Lankan population studied failed to achieve such a recommendation. Nutrition-related diseases in the country may be closely correlated with unhealthy eating habits.
Authors:
Ranil Jayawardena; Nuala M Byrne; Mario J Soares; Prasad Katulanda; Andrew P Hills
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-6     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1 Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, 60 Musk Avenue, Kelvin Grove, QLD 4059, Australia.
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