Document Detail


Food choices and health during military service: increases in sugar- and fibre-containing foods and changes in anthropometric and clinical risk factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22166515     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To analyse changes in food choices, diet-related risk factors and their association during 6 months of military service. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study in Finland, where all men are liable to military service and a clear majority of each age group completes service. Dietary intake data were collected by self-administered questionnaire before and at 6 months of service. Three dietary indices based on food frequencies were developed to characterize the diet: Sugar Index, Fibre Index and Fat Index. Thirteen diet-related risk factors were measured at the beginning and at 6 months of service. SETTING: Military environment, two geographically distinct garrisons. SUBJECTS: Male conscripts aged 18-21 years (n 256) performing military service. RESULTS: During 6 months of service, positive changes concerned more frequent use of fibre-rich foods (P = 0·011), improved body composition (BMI, waist circumference, muscle mass, fat mass and percentage body fat, P ≤ 0·003 for all), decreased systolic blood pressure and increased HDL cholesterol (P < 0·001 for both). Negative changes concerned more frequent use of sugar-rich foods and increased total cholesterol, TAG and blood glucose (P < 0·001 for all). The consumption of fibre-rich foods was inversely associated with anthropometric risk factors at baseline and with sugar-rich foods at both time points. CONCLUSIONS: Despite more frequent consumption of sweet foods, military service with a unified, nutritionally planned diet, a controlled environment and high physical load has a positive effect on conscripts' health risk factors. The negative changes in blood lipids and glucose may reflect more varied free-time eating.
Authors:
Clarissa M L Bingham; Marjaana Lahti-Koski; Pilvikki Absetz; Pauli Puukka; Marja Kinnunen; Harri Pihlajamäki; Timo Sahi; Antti Uutela; Piia Jallinoja
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-8     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Department of Lifestyle and Participation, National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, FI-00271 Helsinki, Finland.
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