Document Detail

Food choices and health during military service: increases in sugar- and fibre-containing foods and changes in anthropometric and clinical risk factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22166515     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To analyse changes in food choices, diet-related risk factors and their association during 6 months of military service. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study in Finland, where all men are liable to military service and a clear majority of each age group completes service. Dietary intake data were collected by self-administered questionnaire before and at 6 months of service. Three dietary indices based on food frequencies were developed to characterize the diet: Sugar Index, Fibre Index and Fat Index. Thirteen diet-related risk factors were measured at the beginning and at 6 months of service. SETTING: Military environment, two geographically distinct garrisons. SUBJECTS: Male conscripts aged 18-21 years (n 256) performing military service. RESULTS: During 6 months of service, positive changes concerned more frequent use of fibre-rich foods (P = 0·011), improved body composition (BMI, waist circumference, muscle mass, fat mass and percentage body fat, P ≤ 0·003 for all), decreased systolic blood pressure and increased HDL cholesterol (P < 0·001 for both). Negative changes concerned more frequent use of sugar-rich foods and increased total cholesterol, TAG and blood glucose (P < 0·001 for all). The consumption of fibre-rich foods was inversely associated with anthropometric risk factors at baseline and with sugar-rich foods at both time points. CONCLUSIONS: Despite more frequent consumption of sweet foods, military service with a unified, nutritionally planned diet, a controlled environment and high physical load has a positive effect on conscripts' health risk factors. The negative changes in blood lipids and glucose may reflect more varied free-time eating.
Clarissa M L Bingham; Marjaana Lahti-Koski; Pilvikki Absetz; Pauli Puukka; Marja Kinnunen; Harri Pihlajamäki; Timo Sahi; Antti Uutela; Piia Jallinoja
Related Documents :
1761185 - Operant food intake in pigs following intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration o...
17581835 - The glp-1 agonist exendin-4 reduces food intake in nonhuman primates through changes in...
17549045 - Pharmacological enhancement of the endocannabinoid system in the nucleus accumbens shel...
23535535 - A case study on the association of variation of bitter-taste receptor gene tas2r38 with...
16811605 - Two temporal parameters of food postponement.
19777905 - Growth and survival of antibiotic-resistant salmonella typhimurium dt104 in liquid egg ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-8     Citation Subset:  -    
1Department of Lifestyle and Participation, National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, FI-00271 Helsinki, Finland.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Surface channel MESFETs on hydrogenated diamond.
Next Document:  Valproic acid affects the engraftment of TPO-expanded cord blood cells in NOD/SCID mice.