Document Detail

Food anaphylaxis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17456212     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction, and food is one of the most common responsible allergens in the outpatient setting. The prevalence of food-induced anaphylaxis has been steadily rising. Education regarding food allergen avoidance is crucial as most of the fatal reactions occurred in those with known food allergies. The lack of a consensus definition for anaphylaxis has made its diagnosis difficult. Symptoms affect multiple organ systems and include pruritus, urticaria, angioedema, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal cramps, respiratory difficulty, wheezing, hypotension, and shock. Prompt recognition of anaphylaxis is essential as delayed treatment has been associated with fatalities. Although epinephrine is accepted as the treatment of choice, timely administration does not always occur, partly due to a lack of awareness of the diagnostic criteria. Several novel tools are currently being investigated, which will potentially aid in the diagnosis and treatment of food-induced anaphylaxis.
Julie Wang; Hugh A Sampson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0954-7894     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Allergy     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-25     Completed Date:  2007-09-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8906443     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Allergy     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  651-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Allergy and Immunology, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anaphylaxis / diagnosis,  drug therapy,  etiology*
Epinephrine / therapeutic use
Food Hypersensitivity / complications*,  diagnosis,  drug therapy
Long-Term Care / methods
Reg. No./Substance:

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