Document Detail


Food allergy in the cat: a diagnosis by elimination.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20974403     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PRACTICAL RELEVANCE: Food allergy is recognized as a cause of non-seasonal dermatologic disease and pruritus in cats, though its exact prevalence remains unknown. Feline food allergy can also be associated with gastrointestinal, neurologic, respiratory and behavioral components.
PATIENT GROUP: There are no breed, sex or age predispositions for developing food allergy, though there is some evidence that the Siamese and its crosses may be at increased risk.
CLINICAL CHALLENGES: Food allergy cannot be diagnosed simply on the basis of the distribution of pruritus, and many of the dermatologic reaction patterns observed in affected cats, such as miliary dermatitis, eosinophilic granuloma complex and alopecia, may be seen in cats with flea allergy and atopy; in some cases, cats may have concurrent allergic conditions. The only way to definitively diagnose food allergy is to identify a causative food component through a food elimination trial. However, palatability and client compliance can each be a problem; specifically, many owners are unwilling to perform a provocation challenge, which is required to confirm a suspected food allergy. For cats in which the existence of a food allergy is confirmed, a suitable maintenance diet then needs to be fed for the remainder of the patient's life.
EVIDENCE BASE: Recent literature has revealed that there is marked variability in the clinical picture, response to treatment and outcome in food-allergic cats. This article reviews published literature and highlights clinically relevant observations pertinent to feline food allergy.
Authors:
Jacqueline Bryan; Linda A Frank
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of feline medicine and surgery     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1532-2750     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Feline Med. Surg.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-26     Completed Date:  2011-01-06     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897329     Medline TA:  J Feline Med Surg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  861-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 ISFM and AAFP. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Tennessee, 2407 River Drive, C247 Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Knoxville, TN 37996-4544, USA. jbryan37@mail.tennessee.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cat Diseases / diagnosis*
Cats
Diagnosis, Differential
Food Hypersensitivity / diagnosis,  veterinary*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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