Document Detail

Food rationing and the black market in France (1940-1944).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20672479     Owner:  HMD     Status:  MEDLINE    
French food rationing was more stringent than that of any other Occupied country in Western Europe in the Second World War, and the nation's resulting aversion to a regime that controlled rations and prices would increase the difficulties of post-war governments. This article investigates the role of French state management in wartime food shortages, assessing the parts played by French policy and German interference in the food shortages, the diversion of supplies to the black market and the inequities in distribution. It finds the French rationing administration to have been poorly organized, but attributes significant responsibility to the German Occupation authorities, whose interference increased the rationing system's dysfunction. French consumers blamed the French state for the problems and relied increasingly on alternate means to supplement inadequate rations. The result was a rationing system that delivered malnourishment, social division and hostility to state management of the food supply.
Kenneth Mouré
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  French history     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0269-1191     ISO Abbreviation:  Fr Hist     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-30     Completed Date:  2010-09-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101518525     Medline TA:  Fr Hist     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  262-82     Citation Subset:  Q    
Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta.
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MeSH Terms
Civil Disorders / economics,  ethnology,  history,  legislation & jurisprudence,  psychology
Economics* / history,  legislation & jurisprudence
Food Supply* / economics,  history,  legislation & jurisprudence
France / ethnology
Government Programs* / economics,  education,  history,  legislation & jurisprudence
History, 20th Century
Hunger / ethnology,  physiology
Malnutrition* / economics,  ethnology,  history,  psychology
Public Health* / economics,  education,  history,  legislation & jurisprudence
Social Conditions / economics,  history,  legislation & jurisprudence
Social Control Policies / economics,  history,  legislation & jurisprudence
Socioeconomic Factors
World War II

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