Document Detail


Food Insecurity and Obesity in New York City Primary Care Clinics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21430579     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND:: Hunger continues to be a problem in New York City; paradoxically, the city also has disproportionally high rates of diabetes and obesity. Some research suggests that food insecurity leads to obesity. METHODS:: We undertook a cross-sectional "card study" in which doctors working at 8 New York City area primary care practices administered a brief, anonymous survey to patients they saw during clinic sessions. The survey included a 2-question food insecurity screen and questions about enrollment in nutrition assistance programs. Height and weight were also measured at the visit. RESULTS:: Cards were completed for 558 patients (65.1% female; 74.7% adults; 78.5% conducted in English). Fifty-five percent of patients were receiving some form of food assistance. More than half of patients (51.7%) reported some degree of food insecurity. Of adult participants, 21.8% had normal weight, 29.1% were overweight, and 48.2% were obese. Food insecurity was significantly associated with increasing body mass index in women not receiving food assistance. There was no significant association between body mass index and food insecurity in children. DISCUSSION:: In an urban population, overweight and obesity are very common as is food insecurity. We found an association between food insecurity and obesity only among women not receiving food assistance suggesting a possible protective role for food assistance. Providers should consider food insecurity in similar populations when trying to address obesity.
Authors:
Arati Karnik; Byron Alexander Foster; Victoria Mayer; Vanessa Pratomo; Diane McKee; Stacia Maher; Giselle Campos; Matthew Anderson
Related Documents :
23554339 - Effects of termiticide exposure on mutual interactions between the treated and untreate...
18490949 - Polyphasic taxonomy of aspergillus section usti.
24238799 - Anaerobic digestion of autoclaved and untreated food waste.
785659 - Symbiosis in paramecium bursaria.
23411169 - Electrochemical determination of sudan i in food samples at graphene modified glassy ca...
21185059 - Endocrine disrupting nonyl- and octylphenol in infant food in germany: considerable dai...
7278739 - Placebo-controlled tests of chemical food additives: are they valid?
17722409 - Effect of germination of finger millet on nutritional value of foods and effect of food...
15653509 - Prevalence of shiga toxin-producing escherichia coli in dairy cattle and their products.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical care     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1537-1948     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0230027     Medline TA:  Med Care     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Family and Social Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The effects of outdoor air pollutants on the costs of pediatric asthma hospitalizations in the Unite...
Next Document:  Measuring disparities: bias in the Short Form-36v2 among Spanish-speaking medical patients.