Document Detail


Food Deserts in Leon County, FL: Disparate Distribution of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Accepting Stores by Neighborhood Characteristics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22236493     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Examine whether neighborhood characteristics of racial composition, income, and rurality were related to distribution of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)-accepting stores in Leon County, Florida. DESIGN: Cross-sectional; neighborhood and food store data collected in 2008. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight census tracts as proxy of neighborhoods in Leon County, Florida. All stores and SNAP-accepting stores were identified from a commercial business directory and a United States Department of Agriculture SNAP-accepting store list, respectively (n = 288). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of SNAP-accepting stores across neighborhoods. ANALYSIS: Descriptive statistics to describe distribution of SNAP-accepting stores by neighborhood characteristics. Proportions of SNAP-accepting stores were compared by neighborhood characteristics with Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests. RESULTS: Of 288 available stores, 45.1% accepted SNAP benefits. Of the 48 neighborhoods, 16.7% had no SNAP-accepting stores. Proportions of SNAP-accepting grocery stores were significantly different by neighborhood racial composition and income. Primarily black neighborhoods did not have any supermarkets. Results were mixed with regard to distribution of food stores and SNAP-accepting stores by neighborhood racial composition, income, and rurality. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: This study suggests disparities in distribution of SNAP-accepting stores across neighborhood characteristics of racial composition, income, and rurality.
Authors:
Samantha Rigby; Angela F Leone; Hwahwan Kim; Connie Betterley; Mary Ann Johnson; Hilda Kurtz; Jung Sun Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition education and behavior     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1708-8259     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132622     Medline TA:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Foods and Nutrition, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA.
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