Document Detail


Food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of primary care physicians.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19969619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To provide insight into food allergy knowledge and perceptions among pediatricians and family physicians in the United States. METHODS: A national sample of pediatricians and family physicians was recruited between April and July 2008 to complete the validated, Web-based Chicago Food Allergy Research Survey for Primary Care Physicians. Findings were analyzed to provide composite/itemized knowledge scores, describe attitudes and beliefs, and examine the effects of participant characteristics on response. RESULTS: The sample included 407 primary care physicians; 99% of the respondents reported providing care for food-allergic patients. Participants answered 61% of knowledge-based items correctly. Strengths and weaknesses were identified in each content domain evaluated by the survey. For example, 80% of physicians surveyed knew that the flu vaccine is unsafe for egg-allergic children, 90% recognized that the number of food-allergic children is increasing in the United States, and 80% were aware that there is no cure for food allergy. However, only 24% knew that oral food challenges may be used in the diagnosis of food allergy, 12% correctly rejected that chronic nasal problems are not symptom of food allergy, and 23% recognized that yogurts/cheeses from milk are unsafe for children with immunoglobulin E-mediated milk allergies. Fewer than 30% of the participants felt comfortable interpreting laboratory tests to diagnose food allergy or felt adequately prepared by their medical training to care for food-allergic children. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge of food allergy among primary care physicians was fair. Opportunities for improvement exist, as acknowledged by participants' own perceptions of their clinical abilities in the management of food allergy.
Authors:
Ruchi S Gupta; Elizabeth E Springston; Jennifer S Kim; Bridget Smith; Jacqueline A Pongracic; Xiaobin Wang; Jane Holl
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2009-12-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  125     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-05     Completed Date:  2010-02-04     Revised Date:  2010-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  126-32     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Smith Child Health Research Program, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA. rugupta@childrensmemorial.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attitude of Health Personnel*
Child
Child, Preschool
Clinical Competence
Family Practice / methods*,  trends
Female
Focus Groups
Food Hypersensitivity / diagnosis*,  epidemiology,  therapy
Health Care Surveys
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Male
Multivariate Analysis
Pediatrics / methods*,  trends
Physician's Practice Patterns / standards,  trends
Poisson Distribution
Probability
Quality of Health Care
United States
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2010 Jul;10(4):227-8   [PMID:  20425000 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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