Document Detail

Food allergy among children in the United States.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19917585     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The goals were to estimate the prevalence of food allergy and to describe trends in food allergy prevalence and health care use among US children. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of data on food allergy among children <18 years of age, as reported in the 1997-2007 National Health Interview Survey, 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1993-2006 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, and 1998-2006 National Hospital Discharge Survey, was performed. Reported food allergies, serum immunoglobulin E antibody levels for specific foods, ambulatory care visits, and hospitalizations were assessed. RESULTS: In 2007, 3.9% of US children <18 years of age had reported food allergy. The prevalence of reported food allergy increased 18% (z = 3.4; P < .01) from 1997 through 2007. In 2005-2006, serum immunoglobulin E antibodies to peanut were detectable for an estimated 9% of US children. Ambulatory care visits tripled between 1993 and 2006 (P < .01). From 2003 through 2006, an estimated average of 317000 food allergy-related, ambulatory care visits per year (95% confidence interval: 195000-438000 visits per year) to emergency and outpatient departments and physician's offices were reported. Hospitalizations with any recorded diagnoses related to food allergy also increased between 1998-2000 and 2004-2006, from an average of 2600 discharges per year to 9500 discharges per year (z = 3.4; P < .01), possibly because of increased use of food allergy V codes. CONCLUSION: Several national health surveys indicate that food allergy prevalence and/or awareness has increased among US children in recent years.
Amy M Branum; Susan L Lukacs
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-11-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  124     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-01     Completed Date:  2009-12-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1549-55     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Infant, Child, and Women's Health Statistics Branch, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland 20782-2003, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Ambulatory Care / utilization
Ambulatory Care Facilities / utilization
Arachis hypogaea / immunology
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dermatitis, Allergic Contact / epidemiology,  immunology
Emergency Service, Hospital / utilization
Food Hypersensitivity / epidemiology*,  immunology
Health Services / utilization*
Health Surveys
Immunoglobulin E / blood
Referral and Consultation / utilization
Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial / epidemiology,  immunology
Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal / epidemiology,  immunology
Utilization Review / statistics & numerical data
Reg. No./Substance:
37341-29-0/Immunoglobulin E

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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