Document Detail

Follow-up study of crack cocaine users: situation of the patients after 2, 5, and 12 years.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19042208     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to follow-up 131 crack users and examine drug use, treatment experience, employment status, and mortality at 2, 5, and 12 years. Consecutive crack dependent patients were re-interviewed in 1995-1996, 1998-1999, and 2005-2006. Of those subjects not using cocaine at 2 years, 19 (63%) were still abstinent at 5 years. Almost half of the users were abstinent at the same period. The abstinent group was still the most prevalent at 12 years. Twenty-seven (20.6%) patients had died by the 12-year follow-up, with homicide being the most common cause (n = 16). After 2000, however, it declined sharply with only 2 deaths in 7 years. There was a progressive movement toward abstinence over the follow-up period, with the evidence that once abstinence had been achieved it was maintained. On the other hand, the mortality rate was extremely high and probably more related with socioeconomic factors instead of the drug use itself.
Andréa Costa Dias; Marcelo Ribeiro; John Dunn; Ricardo Sesso; Ronaldo Laranjeira
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Substance abuse : official publication of the Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0889-7077     ISO Abbreviation:  Subst Abus     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-01     Completed Date:  2008-12-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8808537     Medline TA:  Subst Abus     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
UNIAD, Department of Psychiatry, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Cocaine-Related Disorders / epidemiology*,  mortality
Crack Cocaine*
Follow-Up Studies
Homicide / statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Crack Cocaine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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