Document Detail

Follicular development during early pregnancy and the estrous cycle of the sow.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16727568     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
The objective of this study was to monitor and compare follicle populations and follicular development in pregnant and nonpregnant sows from Day 3 to Day 20 after breeding. Twenty-four sows were paired within parity on the day of artificial insemination and were randomly allocated within pair for insemination with either killed (n=12) or live spermatozoa (n=12). All the sows were artificially inseminated with the pooled ejaculate of the same boar. From Day 3 through Day 20 post estrus, ovarian follicles were scanned daily by ultrasonography. Ultrasound images were recorded on videotape and were retrospectively analyzed. Follicles were mapped to identify the existence of follicular waves. The follicles were then classified as small (< 3 mm), medium (3-5 mm), or large (> or =5 mm). Pregnancy diagnosis was performed on Day 21 by ultrasonography. Pregnant sows maintained a constant proportion of the follicle population in the small, medium and large follicle categories. However, in the nonpregnant sows, the proportion of follicles in the various size categories remained constant until Day 15. Thereafter, the proportion of small follicles decreased (P < 0.05) from Day 15 to 20, and the proportions of medium and large follicles increased (P < 0.05). The predictability of pregnancy status on Day 20 based on follicle populations in any of the 3 follicle categories was low. Moreover, there was no evidence of follicular waves during the estrous cycle or early pregnancy. In conclusion, the proportion of small follicles decreased while medium and large follicle increased from Day 15 through Day 20 of the estrous cycle, but not during a similar stage of pregnancy. This latter finding concurs with follicle recruitment from the pool of small follicles for ovulation following PGF2alpha secretion to induce luteolysis, which reduces progesterone concentrations and thereby allows for the stimulation of the pool of small follicles by gonadotropins.
D P Ryan; H Yaakub; D Harrington; P B Lynch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0093-691X     ISO Abbreviation:  Theriogenology     Publication Date:  1994 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-26     Completed Date:  2009-12-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  623-32     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Pig Husbandry, Teagasc, Moorepark Fermoy, Co Cork, Ireland.
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