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Folate hydrolase (prostate-specific antigen) 1 expression in bladder cancer subtypes and associated tumor neovasculature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21725290     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Folate hydrolase (prostate-specific antigen) 1 (FH(PSA)1), also known as prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), is a transmembrane receptor expressed on prostate cancer cells that correlates with a more aggressive phenotype. Recent studies have demonstrated FH(PSA)1 expression in numerous benign and malignant tissue types, as well as the malignant neovasculature. As FH(PSA)1 represents a diagnostic immunomarker for prostate cancer, we explored its expression pattern in various subtypes of bladder cancer. Immunohistochemical analysis (IHC) of FH(PSA)1 was performed using tissue microarrays constructed from 167 bladder cancers, including 96 urothelial carcinomas (UCCs), 37 squamous cell carcinomas, 17 adenocarcinomas and 17 small cell carcinomas. We used a FH(PSA)1 monoclonal antibody obtained from Dako (clone 3E6, dilution 1:100), which recognizes the epitope present in the 57-134 amino acid region of the extracellular portion of the PSMA molecule. Intensity of IHC staining was scored as 0 (no expression) to 3+ (strong expression), with 2-3+ IHC considered a positive result. FH(PSA)1 demonstrated expression in a subset of bladder cancers and was most common in small cell carcinoma (3/17; 18%), with concurrent expression in non-small cell components in a subset of cases (2/6). FH(PSA)1 expression was less frequent in UCC (3/96; 3%) and adenocarcinoma (2/17; 12%). None of the squamous cell carcinomas demonstrated tumor cell expression of FH(PSA)1. However, all bladder cancers examined expressed FH(PSA)1 in the tumor vasculature, suggesting a potential role for this molecule in mediating new vessel ingrowth. FH(PSA)1 may occasionally be expressed in various subtypes of bladder cancer. These findings suggest cautious use of FH(PSA)1 as a diagnostic marker for prostatic tissue invading the bladder. The finding of FH(PSA)1 in the bladder cancer neovasculature suggests that this molecule may promote tumor growth and may represent a potential new vascular target in this disease.Modern Pathology advance online publication, 1 July 2011; doi:10.1038/modpathol.2011.112.
Authors:
Mary K Samplaski; Warren Heston; Paul Elson; Cristina Magi-Galluzzi; Donna E Hansel
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1530-0285     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8806605     Medline TA:  Mod Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.
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