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Folate deficiency is associated with the formation of complex nuclear anomalies in the cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome assay.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22430981     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Chromosomal instability (CIN) is an important hallmark to oncogenesis and can be diagnosed morphologically by the presence of nuclear anomalies such as micronuclei (MN), nucleoplasmic bridges (NPBs), and nuclear buds (NBuds). We have identified additional nuclear anomalies formed under folate-deficient conditions, defined as "fused" nuclei (FUS), "circular" nuclei (CIR), and "horse-shoe" nuclei (HS) and investigated their suitability for inclusion as additional CIN biomarkers in the lymphocyte cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome (CBMN-Cyt) assay. Although the morphological appearance of FUS, CIR, and HS suggested an origin from multiple NPB in the fusion region between the two nuclei, the very low frequency of dicentric chromosomes in metaphase spreads from these cultures did not support this model. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of cytokinesis-blocked binucleated (BN) cells with peptide nucleic acid probes for telomeres and centromeres (PNA-FISH) revealed a high proportion of fusion regions contained both centromeric and telomeric DNA. This suggests that folate deficiency may disrupt the process of sister chromatid separation and chromosome segregation during mitosis. It was concluded that the FUS, CIR, and HS morphologies represent promising biomarkers of CIN that are sensitive to folate deficiency, and further validation and investigation of the mechanisms responsible for their formation is warranted. Mol. Mutagen. 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Caroline F Bull; Graham Mayrhofer; Dimphy Zeegers; Grace Low Kah Mun; M Prakash Hande; Michael F Fenech
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental and molecular mutagenesis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1098-2280     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8800109     Medline TA:  Environ Mol Mutagen     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
CSIRO Food and Nutritional Sciences, Adelaide, South Australia; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia.
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