Document Detail

Fluoride ingestion from food items and dentifrice in 2-6-year-old Brazilian children living in a fluoridated area using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19515197     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the fluoride intake of 2-6-year-old Brazilian children using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) which also estimated fluoride intake from dentifrice. METHODS: The FFQ was previously validated through application to 78 2-6-year-old Brazilian children and then administered to 379 children residing in an optimally fluoridated community in Brazil (Bauru, State of São Paulo). The FFQ was applied to the parents and used to estimate the food intake of the children. The constituents of the diet were divided into solids, water and other beverages. The fluoride content of the diet items was analyzed with the fluoride electrode. The questionnaire also estimated fluoride intake from dentifrice. RESULTS: The average (+/-SD) fluoride intake from solids, water, other beverages and dentifrice was 0.008 +/- 0.005; 0.011 +/- 0.004; 0.009 +/- 0.014 and 0.036 +/- 0.028 mg F/kg body weight/day, respectively, totalizing 0.064 +/- 0.035 mg F/kg body weight/day. The dentifrice and the diet contributed with 56.3% and 43.7% of the daily fluoride intake, respectively. Among the children evaluated, 31.2% are estimated to have risk to develop dental fluorosis (intake>0.07 mg F/kg body weight/day). CONCLUSIONS: The dentifrice was the main source of fluoride intake by the children evaluated. However, the fluoride concentration in food items also significantly contributed to the daily ingestion by 2-6-year-old children. The questionnaire used seems to be a promising alternative to duplicate diet to estimate the fluoride intake at this age range and may have potential to be used in broad epidemiological surveys.
Ana Paula Borges Miziara; Sonia Tucunduva Philippi; Flávia Mauad Levy; Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-06-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Community dentistry and oral epidemiology     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1600-0528     ISO Abbreviation:  Community Dent Oral Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-20     Completed Date:  2009-10-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410263     Medline TA:  Community Dent Oral Epidemiol     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  305-15     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Brazil / epidemiology
Cariostatic Agents / administration & dosage*,  analysis
Child, Preschool
Dentifrices / administration & dosage,  analysis
Diet Surveys
Fluorides / administration & dosage*,  analysis
Fluorosis, Dental / epidemiology*
Food Analysis
Food Habits*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cariostatic Agents; 0/Dentifrices; 0/Fluorides

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