Document Detail


Fluorescent stilbazolium dyes as probes of the norepinephrine transporter: structural insights into substrate binding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23032519     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We report the synthesis, binding kinetics, optical spectroscopy and predicted binding modes of a series of sterically demanding, fluorescent norepinephrine transporter (NET) ligands. A series of bulky stilbazolium dyes, including six newly synthesized compounds, were evaluated to determine the effect of extending the molecular probes' 'heads' or 'tails'. Taking advantage of the dyes' characteristic 'turn-on' emission, the kinetic binding parameters, k(on) and k(off) were determined revealing that extension of the molecules' tails is well tolerated while expansion of the head is not. Additionally, a 'headfirst' orientation appears to be preferred over a 'tail-first' binding pose. Further details of the possible binding modes were obtained from the emission spectra of the bound probes. A small range of interplanar twist angles, approximately 35° to 60°, is predicted to produce the observed emission. Docking experiments and molecular modelling support the kinetic and spectroscopic data providing structural insights into substrate binding.
Authors:
James N Wilson; Adrienne S Brown; W Michael Babinchak; Clark D Ridge; Jamie D Walls
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Organic & biomolecular chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-0539     ISO Abbreviation:  Org. Biomol. Chem.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101154995     Medline TA:  Org Biomol Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of Miami, 1301 Memorial Drive, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA. jnwilson@miami.edu.
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