Document Detail

Fluid balance in team sports. Guidelines for optimal practices.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9257409     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Team sports require players to perform multiple work bouts at near maximal effort, punctuated with intervals of low intensity exercise or rest for the duration of a game. Such activity patterns are associated with a significant loss of body water which has a negative impact on physical and mental performance, as well as temperature regulation. There are a number of ways in which sweat losses incurred during team sports differ from those measured during prolonged, continuous exercise. Firstly, the work rate in team sports is intermittent, largely unpredictable and random in nature. Second, analyses of various team sports reveal that such games are characterised by a high degree of inter and intra-individual variability in work rates between players from the same sport. Finally, team players are less able to anticipate sweat losses than athletes competing in events which involve prolonged, continuous, moderate intensity exercise. Yet, compared with most endurance events, many team sports offer frequent opportunities to ingest adequate volumes of fluid and thus prevent exercise-induced hypohydration. The present review details the findings of modern studies which have determined body water losses and fluid intake practices of athletes from a variety of team sports. Special considerations which influence sweat loss and fluid intake that are unique to team sports are discussed, and guidelines for sound hydration strategies during training and competition are provided.
L M Burke; J A Hawley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0112-1642     ISO Abbreviation:  Sports Med     Publication Date:  1997 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-02     Completed Date:  1998-02-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412297     Medline TA:  Sports Med     Country:  NEW ZEALAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  38-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Sports Nutrition, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Basketball / physiology
Body Temperature Regulation / physiology
Dehydration / prevention & control
Drinking / physiology
Football / physiology
Sports / physiology*
Sweating / physiology
Water-Electrolyte Balance / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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