Document Detail

Fluid administration limited by lung sonography: the place of lung ultrasound in assessment of acute circulatory failure (the FALLS-protocol).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22455488     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The FALLS-protocol is included in a limited investigation to diagnose the cause of shock. After simple echocardiography has ruled out obstructive shock (tamponade, pulmonary embolism), the lung is investigated. Absence of disseminated lung rockets rules out cardiogenic shock. At this point, hypovolemic and septic shock are differential diagnoses (rarities apart), and the FALLS-protocol provides fluid therapy with constant monitoring of lung artifacts. Hypovolemic shock will eventually improve - septic shock will not, and the slight excess fluid creates an early, silent stage of interstitial edema, demonstrated by B-lines, demanding interruption of fluid therapy. This sequential approach, combined with the usual, clinical, biochemical and echocardiographic parameters, must be evaluated in multicenter studies.
Daniel Lichtenstein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Expert review of respiratory medicine     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1747-6356     ISO Abbreviation:  Expert Rev Respir Med     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101278196     Medline TA:  Expert Rev Respir Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  155-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Service de Réanimation Médicale - Hôpital Ambroise-Paré, Boulogne (Paris-West), France.
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