Document Detail


Fluconazole use and safety in the nursery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22633503     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fluconazole is a triazole antifungal agent that is widely used in the nursery. It is available in both intravenous and oral formulation, and is active against most of the fungal pathogens that require treatment when retrieved from culture samples in neonatal intensive care units. Although clinical use has been wide for over 15 years, there have been small safety and efficacy studies completed in young infants. Randomised clinical trials assessing effectiveness of this agent in prevention of systemic fungal infections in neonates have been published in the last decade, and one large additional randomised study has been recently completed. Nevertheless, a certain degree of uncertainty still exists regarding the kinetics and appropriate dosing of this agent in premature and term infants, as well as regarding safety. Areas of poignant debate include the feasibility of loading dose strategies, appropriate dosages in the early days of life in the different subgroups of preterm infants, and long-term safety of fluconazole administered in prophylaxis during the first weeks of life in extremely premature infants. This paper reviews the most recent evidence on fluconazole and its role in the NICU settings.
Authors:
E Castagnola; E Jacqz-Aigrain; F Kaguelidou; R Maragliano; M Stronati; S Rizzollo; D Farina; P Manzoni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  88 Suppl 2     ISSN:  1872-6232     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S11-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Infectious Disease Unit, Gaslini Institute, Genova, Italy.
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