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Fluazinam targets mitochondrial complex I to induce reactive oxygen species-dependent cytotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22465686     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although the underlying cause of Parkinson's disease (PD) is not well characterized, epidemiological studies suggest that exposure to agricultural chemicals is a risk factor for PD. Fluazinam (FZN) is a new active ingredient for the control of grey mould, belonging to the novel broad spectrum phenylpyridinamine fungicides. We used human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells to investigate mechanisms of dopaminergic cell death in response to FZN. FZN treatment produced dose-dependent cytotoxicity, and decreased the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) expression in SH-SY5Y cells. We provided evidence for the occurrence of oxidative stress and oxidative damage during FZN exposure on dopaminergic cells through the measurement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells with DCFH-DA. The cytotoxic effects of FZN appear to involve an increase in ROS generation since pretreatment with N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), an anti-oxidant, reduced cell death. After FZN treatment, dopamine (DA) levels decreased in both cell and culture media, and oxidative effects of FZN were blocked by NAC pretreatment. We show that cell death in response to FZN was due to apoptosis since FZN exposure results in an increased in cytochrome c release into the cytosol and activated caspase-3 through p38 and JNK signaling. Furthermore, the blocking of p38 or JNK signaling inhibits FZN-induced cell death. Phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases precedes cytochrome c release and caspase-3 activation. This cellular response is characteristic of mitochondrial dysfunction. Therefore, we also investigated the effect of FZN on mitochondrial complex I activity in FZN-treated cell. Interestingly, we show that FZN inhibited the complex I activity. Thus in this study, we report a new mode of action by which the fungicide FZN could triggers apoptosis.
Authors:
Jeong Eun Lee; Jin Sun Kang; Yeo-Woon Ki; Jae Hyeon Park; In Chul Shin; Hyun Chul Koh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurochemistry international     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-9754     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006959     Medline TA:  Neurochem Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Sungdong-Gu, Heandang-Dong 17, 133-791 Seoul, Republic of Korea.
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