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Flocculating Property of Extracellular Polymeric Substances Produced by a Biofilm-Forming Bacterium Acinetobacter junii BB1A.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22968590     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) produced by a biofilm-producing bacterium Acinetobacter junii BB1A were characterized. Purified EPS on analysis revealed neutral sugar (73.21 %), uronic acid (10.12 %), amino sugars (0.23 %), α- amino acids (11.13 %), and aromatic amino acids (1.23 %). Infrared spectrometry revealed the presence of hydroxyl, carboxyl, and amide groups. The average molecular weight of the polysaccharide (PS) fraction of EPS was ~2 × 10(5). Gas liquid chromatography analysis of PS revealed the presence of three main sugar residues, namely, mannose, galactose, and arabinose (molar ratio of 3:1:1). Cation-independent flocculation above 90 % was observed in the pH range of 4-5 with EPS dosage of 30 mg l(-1) at 20 °C. The emulsifying activity of EPS was 66.6 % with toluene, 60 % with n-hexadecane, 53.3 % with olive oil, and least activity of 13.3 % with kerosene. Proteinase K- and trichloroacetic acid-treated EPS showed reduction in flocculation and emulsification, suggesting the significant role of protein component. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy was used to provide direct evidence of biosorption of Co(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) by EPS.
Authors:
Krishna K Yadav; Amit K Mandal; Ipsita K Sen; Soumyananda Chakraborti; Syed S Islam; Ranadhir Chakraborty
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied biochemistry and biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-0291     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8208561     Medline TA:  Appl Biochem Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Omics Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, University of North Bengal, Siliguri, West Bengal, 734013, India.
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