Document Detail

Flexor tendon tissue engineering: temporal distribution of donor tenocytes versus recipient cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19952658     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Tissue-engineered tendon material may address tendon shortages in mutilating hand injuries. Tenocytes from rabbit flexor tendon can be successfully seeded onto acellularized tendons that are used as tendon constructs. These constructs in vivo exhibit a population of tenocyte-like cells; however, it is not known to what extent these cells are of donor or recipient origin. Furthermore, the temporal distribution is also not known.
METHODS: Tenocytes from New Zealand male rabbits were cultured and seeded onto acellularized rabbit forepaw flexor tendons (n = 48). These tendon constructs were transplanted into female recipients. Tendons were examined after 3, 6, 12, and 30 weeks using fluorescent in situ hybridization to detect the Y chromosome in the male donor cells. One unseeded, acellularized allograft in each animal was used as a control.
RESULTS: The donor male tenocytes populate the epitenon and endotenon of the grafts at greater numbers than the recipient female tenocytes at 3 and 6 weeks. The donor and recipient tenocytes are present jointly in the grafts until 12 weeks. At 30 weeks, nearly all cells are recipient tenocyte-like cells.
CONCLUSIONS: Donor male cells survive in decreasing numbers over time until 30 weeks. The presence of cells in tissue-engineered tendon grafts has been shown in prior studies to add to the strength of the constructs in vitro. This study shows that recipient cells can migrate into and repopulate the tendon construct. Cell seeding onto tendon material may create stronger constructs that will allow the initiation of motion earlier.
Johan Thorfinn; Sepideh Saber; Ioannis K Angelidis; Sae H Ki; Andrew Y Zhang; Alphonsus K Chong; Hung M Pham; Gordon K Lee; James Chang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plastic and reconstructive surgery     Volume:  124     ISSN:  1529-4242     ISO Abbreviation:  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-02     Completed Date:  2010-01-11     Revised Date:  2014-10-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306050     Medline TA:  Plast Reconstr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2019-26     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cell Survival
Cell Transplantation / methods*
Cells, Cultured
Disease Models, Animal
Graft Survival
Hand Injuries / surgery
Implants, Experimental
In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
Random Allocation
Reference Values
Tendon Injuries / surgery
Tendons / cytology*,  transplantation*
Tensile Strength
Tissue Engineering / methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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