Document Detail

Flexibility does not change the polarizability of water molecules in the liquid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20088487     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Molecular mechanics (MM) force fields employed in molecular dynamics simulations of bulk liquid water or of solvated proteins have to appropriately handle the sizable polarizability alpha of the water molecules. Using a hybrid method that combines density functional theory (DFT) for a rigid water molecule with an MM description of the liquid environment, we have recently shown that the induced dipole moment can be accurately calculated by linear response multiplying the experimental gas phase polarizability alpha(exp) with the electric reaction field averaged over the volume of the molecule [B. Schropp and P. Tavan, J. Phys. Chem. B 2008, 112, 6233]. However, water molecules are flexible, and the strong local fields acting in the liquid can change their geometries. These changes of geometry can modify both the dipole moment and the polarizability. Using a DFT/MM approach for a flexible DFT water model, here we show that the corresponding effects are quite small. Moreover, they even happen to cancel. As a result, rigid, transferable, and polarizable MM models automatically include the couplings between the external field in the bulk liquid, the geometry, and the dipole moment of an embedded water molecule.
Bernhard Schropp; Paul Tavan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of physical chemistry. B     Volume:  114     ISSN:  1520-5207     ISO Abbreviation:  J Phys Chem B     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-04     Completed Date:  2010-04-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101157530     Medline TA:  J Phys Chem B     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2051-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Lehrstuhl f?r Biomolekulare Optik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit?t, Oettingenstr. 67, 80538 M?nchen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Models, Molecular
Molecular Dynamics Simulation
Water / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:

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