Document Detail


Flavor is in the brain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22542991     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Flavor is perhaps the most multi-modal of all of our sensory experiences. Here flavor is defined as a perception that includes gustatory, oral-somatosensory, and retronasal olfactory signals that arise from the mouth as foods and beverages are consumed. Although the sights, sounds and smells of foods that occur just before, or in the absence of eating, can impact flavor perception, it is argued that these sensory signals exert their influence by creating expectations based upon prior associations. The primary aim of the paper is to review anatomical and neurophysiological data towards an understanding of how the core sensory signals combine in the central nervous system of humans. Based upon the extant literature it is proposed that taste, oral-somatosensory and olfactory inputs are first integrated in the anterior ventral insula. The core flavor percept is then conveyed to upstream regions in the brainstem and thalamus, as well as downstream regions in the amygdala, orbitofrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex to produce the rich flavorful experiences that guide our feeding behavior.
Authors:
Dana M Small
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiology & behavior     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-507X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151504     Medline TA:  Physiol Behav     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Uterus transplantation: animal research and human possibilities.
Next Document:  Preparation and in vitro evaluation of an ultrasound-triggered drug delivery system: 10-Hydroxycampt...